A person’s body temperature says a lot about their health. For example, a fever is the most common form of increased body temperature.
Measuring body temperature is very important in medicine. A number of diseases are characterised by a change in body temperature. With other illnesses, the course of the disease can be followed by measuring body temperature. This allows the doctor to analyse the effectiveness of treatments based on body temperatures.
A fever is the reaction to a disease-specific stimuli. The body changes its normal temperature to support the body’s own defence mechanisms. Fever is the most common form of disease-related (pathological) increase in body temperature.
The measured body temperature always depends on which part of the body the measurement was taken from. For this reason, and contrary to popular opinion, there is no general normal temperature.
The body temperature of a healthy person also changes throughout the day and depending on what activities they undertake. With a rectal temperature measurement, the body temperature is normally 0.5 degrees Celsius higher in the evening than other times of the day for physiological reasons. In addition, body temperature is increased by any physical exertion.
Core temperature: made by inserting the thermometer into a bodily orifice and provides the temperature of the mucous membrane. Surface temperature: measured on the surface of the skin and is made up of the temperature inside the body and the ambient temperature.
Elevated blood pressure can be a health risk. The following summary gives you an overview on what causes it and what you need to know about high blood pressure.
Arterial blood pressure is caused by the pressure of the blood against the arterial walls. The heart acts as a pump and each beat causes an increase in the arterial pressure.
The highest pressure value is the systolic blood pressure - corresponding to the contraction of the heart which pumps blood into the arteries.
The lowest value is the diastolic blood pressure - corresponding to the pressure of the blood between two heart contractions.
Arterial blood pressure is measured using an inflatable cuff. This is slipped over the arm or wrist. Measurement should only take place after five minutes of sitting quietly or lying down. The device measures the pressure in the arm artery while the air is released from the cuff.
High blood pressure is when the blood pressure is measured with a value of 140/90 mmHg or above. Blood pressure is measured at a state of rest in a doctor’s office.
In most cases, high blood pressure occurs for no discernible reason - so-called essential hypertension. However, a small number of people with high blood pressure have anomalies in their kidney or adrenal gland function. In this case, the condition is called secondary hypertension.
However, it has been found that the occurrence of arterial hypertension can be limited or delayed in certain patients. The most important preventative measures are lifestyle factors - these include sports, consuming less salt and alcohol, and losing weight.
Arterial blood pressure which is too high primarily affects the blood vessels. The vessel walls become stiffer and thicker. In the long-term, the impact can be severe - for example on the heart, brain or kidneys.
It is important that you control your blood glucose levels as well as you can as too high sugar levels for long periods of time increases the risk of diabetes complications developing. Diabetes complications are health problems which include:
This list of problems may look scary but the main point to note is that the risk of these problems can be minimised through good blood glucose level control. Small improvements can make a big difference if you stay dedicated and maintain those improvements over most days.
Your cuff might be too small for you. A cuff that is too small yields a measurement that is higher than the correct blood pressure. Be sure to check that you are using the correct cuff size before taking your blood pressure. Please refer to User Manual for details. If your measurements still seem high, please consult your physician.
The following ranges are generally considered normal temperature ranges. For specific questions regarding your individual health, please contact your healthcare provider.
An individual's blood pressure varies greatly from day to day and season to season. Normally, blood pressure rises during work or play and falls to its lowest levels during sleep. The best way to get consistent readings is to monitor your blood pressure at least once a day, at the same time so that you can minimize the effect that external factors have on the reading.
Also please be sure to consult your physician immediately if you have any doubt about your readings.